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Succeeding Pontiffs

History of Vatican City and Catholic Church

Vatican’s Satanic Paedophile followers

The Truth will come out, but will be difficult to accept!

A sovereign nation

The Vatican is the holy seat of the Catholic world, also officially called State of the Vatican City that is located in the city of Rome. The city is known worldwide for its Museums, the Sistine Chapel, St. Peter’s Square and St. Peter’s Basilica.

The Vatican is the home of the pope and the Roman Curia, and the spiritual centre for some 2.5 billion followers of the Catholic Church. It also is the world’s smallest independent nation-state, it covers 44 hectares within a 3,2 KM border, and possesses another 65 hectare of holdings in remote locations. Along with the centuries-old buildings and gardens, the Vatican maintains its own banking and telephone systems, post office, pharmacy, newspaper, radio and television stations. Its citizens include the members of the Swiss Guard, a security charged with protecting the pope since 1506. As the seat of Catholicism, the Vatican has a very important cultural influence that can be discovered especially through the eleven Vatican museums and its many monuments and sights.

The Vatican’s history as the holy seat of the Catholic Church began with the construction of a basilica over St. Peter’s grave in Rome in the 4th century A.D. The area developed into a popular pilgrimage site and a commercial district, although it was abandoned following the move of the papal court to Avignon in France in 1309. After the Church returned in 1377, famous landmarks such the Apostolic Palace, the Sistine Chapel and the new St. Peter’s Basilica were constructed within the city limits. Vatican City was established in its current form as a sovereign nation with the signing of the Lateran Pacts in 1929. Comprising of agreements between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See, to settling the “Roman Question”, that has been ratified by the Italian parliament.

The Vatican, seat of the papacy from St. Peter, was established on February 11th, 1929 as a consecutive representation of the Holy See, including all the institutions of the Roman Catholic Church. Christianityis the most widely practiced religion in the world, The Christian faith centres on beliefs regarding the birth, life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. While it started with a small group of devotees, many historians regard the spread and adoption of Christianity throughout the world as one of the most successful spiritual missions in human history.


Succeeding Pontiffs

Following an attack by Saracen pirates that damaged St. Peter’s in 846, Pope Leo IV ordered the construction of a wall to protect the holy basilica and its associated precincts. Completed in 852, the 12 meter -tall wall enclosed what was inaugurated Leonine City, an area covering the current Vatican territory and the commercial Borgo district. The walls were continually expanded and modified until the reign of Pope Urban VIII in the 1640s.

Although the pontiff traditionally lived at the nearby Lateran Palace, Pope Symmachus 498 – 514 built a residence adjacent to the St. Peter’s in the early 6th century. It was expanded hundreds of years later by both Eugene III and Innocent III, and in 1277 a half-mile-long covered passageway was constructed to link the structure to Castel Sant’Angelo, built in‎: ‎123–139 AD. However, the buildings were all abandoned with the move of the papal court to Avignon, France, in 1309, and over the next half-century the city fell into disrepair. Following the return of the Catholic Church in 1377, the clergy sought to restore the walled city’s lustre.

Nicholas V circa 1450 commenced construction of the Apostolic Palace, eventually the permanent home of his successors, and his collection of books became the foundation of the Vatican Library. In the 1470s, Sixtus IV began work on the famed Sistine Chapel, featuring frescoes created by such leading Renaissance artists as Botticelli and Perugino.

Significant changes to the city took place after Julius II became pope in 1503. Julius commissioned Michelangeloto paint the Sistine Chapel ceiling in 1508, and appointed architect Donato Bramante to design the Belvedere Courtyard. The pontiff also chose to tear down the 1,200-year-old St. Peter’s Basilica and have Bramante to build a new one in its place.

The death of Julius in 1513 and Bramante’s in the following year led to a decades-long dispute over how to continue the project, until Michelangelo ended the deadlock in 1547 with his choice to follow Bramante’s original design. Giacomo della Porta completed St. Peter’s celebrated dome in 1590, and work on the grand structure finally finished in 1626.

History of Vatican Cityand Catholic Church

Situated on the spot where St Peter was martyred and buried almost 2000 years ago this has always been an important area for the Holy See. Prior to 1860 most of Central Italy was governed by the Papal States of which the Pope was the head. Their lands were protected by hired mercenaries and international armies. By 1860, however, most of the Papal states had been absorbed into the Kingdom of Italy with the city of Rome last to capitulate in 1870. In 1929 the Lateran Treaty allowed the State of the Vatican City to be formed, and thenceforth ruled by the Bishop of Rome – the Pope.

The Catholic Church became unfortunately not a shining example of financial prudence and simplicity. The wasteful behaviour of church princes and ordinary priests had taken such forms in the 16th century that it stimulated the rise of Protestantism.

In the Middle Ages, the Roman church has grown into a well-oiled and, above all, money-wasting machine. Rome itself became a bottomless pit in financial terms. This, to the horror of our pennywise ancestors. Because the populace was obliged to make substantial contributions to ecclesiastical wastes and wealth. Certainly in the time 1506 – 1626 that the St. Peter’s was built, Catholics around the world had to pay large sums of money to Rome, called the St. Peter’s tokens.

Reports are known of parties, orgies, gambles, and other horrible consequences of wealth. Continually, excess and debauchery at the papal circle were the rule. In short, Rome was and still is throwing with money. With the construction of St Peter’s, the successive Popes, provided Italian painters and sculptors with lifelong work, not least for their own burial monuments.

For example, Pope Leo X had been granted many privileges as a member of the Medici family,